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Professor of Mechanical and Automation Engineering

   BS, MS (Zhejiang Univ.), PhD (UPenn)
   FIEEE, FHKIE, Academician (Chinese Academy of Eng.)

Address: Rm. 311, William M. W. Mong Engineering Building
    Tel: (852)39431379
    Fax: (852)26036140

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    Professor Xu Yangsheng is Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the Chinese University of Hong Kong and Professor of Automation and Computer-Aided Engineering. He studied in Engineering in Zhejiang University, China and received his BEng and MEng degrees in 1982 and 1984, respectively. He pursued further studies in University of Pennsylvania and received his PhD degree in 1989. He then worked on robotics research at Carnegie Mellon University from 1989 to 1997, and joined the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 1997. He served as Department Chairman (1997-2004), Assistant to Vice-Chancellor (2006-2008), Associate Pro-Vice-Chancellor (2008-2011), Pro-Vice-Chancellor / Vice-President (2011-present), Director of Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Integration Technology, CAS/CUHK (2006-2010), and Associate Director of Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, CAS (2006-present).

    Professor Xu's research includes space robotics, intelligent control and systems, and automatic learning. He has developed over 30 robotic systems and led over 30 projects funded by government and industries. More recently, he has been interested in service robotics, man-machine interface and intelligent hybrid electric vehicles. His research has resulted in over 300 publications including four monographs and one edited book. He was elected as Fellow of IEEE, Fellow of HKIE, Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, Academician of International Eurasian Academy of Sciences, and Corresponding Member of International Academy of Astronautics.

    Professor Xu has actively participated in various professional activities. He served as Associate Editor of IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation (1997-2000), Board Director of Hong Kong Productivity Council (2003-2006), Council member of Chinese Society of Automation (2002-present), Advisor of Chinese Hi-tech Program on Aerospace Committee (2004-2006), and Advisor of the Decision and Advisory Committee of Shenzhen Municipal Government (2008-present).

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  • MAE3030 Introduction to Robotics (CUHK)
  • MAE5030 Advanced Robotics (CUHK)
  • MAE5110 Topics in Robotics (CUHK)
  • 15-384 Artificial Intelligence of Robotic (CMU)
  • 16-743 Robotic Control (CMU)
  • 18-384 Robotic Systems (CMU)
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    Tin Lun Lam and Yangsheng Xu
    Tree Climbing Robot
    Springer-Verlag, 2012

    Huihuan Qian, Xinyu Wu and Yangsheng Xu
    Intelligent Surveillance Systems
    Springer-Verlag, 2011

    Yangsheng Xu, Wen Jung Li and Ka Keung Lee
    Intelligent Wearable Interfaces
    Wiley Interscience, 2008
    Yangsheng Xu and Ka Keung Lee
    Human Behavior Learning and Transfer
    CRC Press, 2005
    Yangsheng Xu and Yongsheng Ou
    Control of Single Wheel Robots
    Springer-Verlag, 2005
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    (For a complete list of papers, please see the laboratory homepage)

    1. K.K. Lee, P. Zhang, Yangsheng Xu, and B. Liang, "An Intelligent Service-Based Network Architecture for Wearable Robots", IEEE Trans. on System, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol.34, No.4, pp.1874-1885, August, 2004.

    2. Yangsheng Xu and Samuel K.W. Au, "Stabilization and Path Following of a Single Wheel Robot", IEEE/ASME Trans. on Mechatronics, Vol.9, No.2, pp.407-419, June, 2004.

    3. Yangsheng Xu and Jiong Zhang, "Abstracting Human Control Strategy in Projecting Light Source", IEEE Trans. on Information Technology in Biomedicine, Vol.5, No.1, pp.27-32, 2001.

    4. Yangsheng Xu, H.B. Brown, and K.W. Au, "Dynamically Stabilized Mobility with Single Wheel Configuration", International Journal of Robotics Research, Vol.18, No.7, pp.728-738, July, 1999.

    5. Michael Nechyba and Yangsheng Xu, "Stochastic Similarity for Validating Human Control Strategy Models", IEEE Trans. on Robotics and Automation, Vol.14, No.4, pp.437-451, June, 1998.

    6. Marcel Bergerman and Yangsheng Xu, "Robust Joint and Cartesian Control of Underactuated Manipulators", ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, Vol.118, No.3, pp.557-565, 1996.

    7. Greg White and Yangsheng Xu, "An Active Vertical-Direction Gravity Compensation System", IEEE Trans. on Instruments and Measurement, Vol.43, No.6, pp.786-792, 1994.

    8. Om Agrawal and Yangsheng Xu, "On the Global Optimum Path Planning for Redundant Space Manipulators", IEEE Trans. on System, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol.24, No.9, pp.1306-1316, 1994.

    9. Yangsheng Xu, H.Y. Shum, J.J. Lee, and T. Kanade, "Parameterization and Adaptive Control of Space Robot Systems", IEEE Trans. on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol.30, No.2, pp.435-451, 1994.

    10. Yangsheng Xu, Ben Brown, Mark Friedman, and Takeo Kanade, "Control System of The Self-Mobile Space Manipulator", IEEE Trans. on Control Systems Technology, Vol.2, No.3, pp.207-219, 1994.

    11. Jie Yang, Yangsheng Xu, and C.S. Chen, "Hidden Markov Model Approach to Skill Learning and Its Application in Telerobotics", IEEE Trans. on Robotics and Automation, Vol.10, No.5, pp.621-631, 1994.

    12. Bin Liang, Yangsheng Xu, and Marcel Bergerman, "Mapping A Space Manipulator to A Dynamically Equivalent Manipulators", ASME Trans on Dynamics, Measurement, and Control, Vol.120, pp.1-7, March, 1998.

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    (Listed here are only those funded recently in Hong Kong, awarded externally on a competitive basis, as Principle Investigator)

    RGC Earmarked Grant, Intelligent Shoes for Human Monitoring, Identication, and Localization

    RGC Earmarked Grant, Human Action Modeling for Surveillance

    RGC Earmarked Grant, Wearable Robots as Mobile Devices for Communication and Interaction

    RGC Earmarked Grant, Human Informed Control of Dynamically Stable Systems

    RGC Earmarked Grant, Smart Wheelchair

    RGC Earmarked Grant, A Single-wheel, Gyroscopically Stabilized Robot

    RGC Earmarked Grant, Human Control Strategy Learning and Transfer

    ITF Grant, Intelligent Omni-directional Hybrid Electric Vehicle

    ITF Grant, Development of Networked Smart Toys

    ITF Grant, Developing an Intelligent On-line Monitoring System for Metal Stamping Operations

    ITF Grant, Development and Tech Transfer of Intelligent Electronic Toys

    RGC Central Allocation Grant, Service Robotics

    RGC CRC Grant, (with P.A. Heng and others), Virtual Reality, Visualization, and Imagine Research

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    (More complete information can be found in the laboratory homepage.)
    Intelligent Omni-Directional Hybrid Electric VehicleIntelligent Omni-Directional Hybrid Electric Vehicle

    We are developing an Intelligent Omni-Directional Hybrid Vehicles (IOHEV) based on the technologies of hybrid electric, 4-Wheel drive/4-Wheel steering system and intelligent electronics. It can be applied to solve the problem of energy and emission, to maximize the efficiency of driving and to provide safety driving.

    Space Robotics Space Robotics

    We have been developing some fundamental technologies for space robotics for many years and have made contributions in design, control, dynamics, modeling and real-time implementation of various space robotics systems.

    Single Wheel RobotSingle Wheel Robot

    We have developed a novel concept of mobile robot called Gyrover which is a single-wheel, gyroscopically stabilized robot, based on the principle of gyroscopic precession, as exhibited in stability of a rolling wheel.


    Treebot is a tree-climbing robot that has high maneuverability on an irregular tree environment. It is able to reach many places on trees including branches that surpasses the state of the art tree climbing robots. Treebot can maneuver on a complex tree environment, but only five actuators are used in the mechanism. As a result, Treebot can keep in compact size and lightweight.

    Omni-directional VehicleOmni-directional Vehicle

    The omni-directional kart, named “OK-1”, is a hybrid electric vehicle with technology of omni-directional steering, which is designed and developed in the Advance Robotics Lab. It is omni-directional, because it can make crab-like parallel translation and tornado-like rotation. Hence, parking becomes an easy manipulation for even a freshman of driving.

    Intelligent Glasses Intelligent Glasses

    We are developing a novel concept of real-time wearable translating glasses, named intelligent glasses, which can realize real-time multilingual translation. It is useful to a tourist who does not know the local language.

    Human Control Strategy Learning and Transfer Human Control Strategy Learning and Transfer

    This research provides a framework for abstracting human skills so as to facilitate analysis of human control, to allow machines to learn from human partners in human-machine cooperation, and to transfer skill from human to human through learning human machine interfaces.

    Intelligent ShoesIntelligent Shoes

    We have developed a sensor-integrated shoe-based information gathering platform. This platform can be used for applications such as motion-based control interface, gait recognition, human identification.

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